By now, most health-conscious American men understand the difference between bad fats saturated fats and trans fats and good fats omega-3s and other poly- and monounsaturates. Many also recognize the difference between bad carbohydrates simple sugars and refined grain products and good carbs dietary fiber and whole-grain products. In addition, savvy consumers are finally switching from red meat to fish, poultry, and legumes to get the protein they need. It’s heartening progress, but it overlooks another nutrient that’s responsible for more than , American deaths a year, about three times more than prostate cancer. The hidden nutrient is not a fat or carbohydrate, and it doesn’t pack any calories. The forgotten nutrient is salt. In today’s world, salt is abundant and cheap, but it wasn’t always that way. Salt was hard to come by for our earliest ancestors, who got along quite nicely on about a tenth of today’s average use in the United States. In time, people learned how to find salt and extract it from the earth. But it was hard work and salt was scarce, so it became a valuable commodity that was used for currency. In fact, the word salary is derived from the Latin word for salt.
Sodium is a naturally occurring mineral that is essential to life. It helps regulate the fluid balance of cells and plasma by soaking up water to keep fluid in our blood and body tissues. It’s important to have a proper balance of sodium in our diets. Not enough sodium can result in the body’s cells being unable to retain enough water and can lead to dehydration. On the other hand, too much sodium may result in shortness of breath or edema swelling and contribute to hypertension high blood pressure. When excess fluid in our tissues is reduced, the amount of blood our heart has to pump is also reduced. The most significant effect that excess sodium has on the heart is hypertension. Too much sodium can lead to water retention in the blood.
Only about 12 percent of it is naturally occurring in the food. But human behavior can thwart nature’s checks and balances by taking in much more sodium than we need. But researchers also compared the effects of high-, intermediate-, and low-sodium intakes within each dietary group. Too much sodium can lead to water retention in the blood. Colditz GA. The sensor tells the renal tubules the kidneys pipeline to absorb more sodium, which subsequently minimises the loss of potassium. Research has found that too much salt causes high blood pressure, which can lead to strokes and heart disease, and experts broadly agree that the evidence against salt is compelling. It’s the sodium in salt that causes most of the problems. A single g slice of frozen pepperoni pizza can have 1. Salt is made up of both sodium and chloride ions. To most everyone else, salt is sodium chloride, the white crystals left over when seawater evaporates.