The treatment of obesity and cardiovascular diseases is one of the most difficult and important challenges nowadays. Weight loss is frequently offered as a therapy and is aimed at improving some of the components of the metabolic syndrome. Results regarding the impact of such diets on cardiovascular risk factors are controversial, both in animals and humans, but some improvements notably in obesity and type 2 diabetes have been described. Unfortunately, these effects seem to be limited in time. Moreover, these diets are not totally safe and can be associated with some adverse events. Notably, in rodents, development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD and insulin resistance have been described. The aim of this review is to discuss the role of ketogenic diets on different cardiovascular risk factors in both animals and humans based on available evidence. As a consequence of the rising obesity prevalence in industrialized countries, the incidence of cardiovascular diseases also increases [ 1 ].
Updated Oct 30th, — Written by Craig Clarke. According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease which is also commonly referred to as heart disease is the leading cause of death globally. On the surface, this sounds like a dreadful omen for humanity, but there is some sweetness to this bitter news once we realize that heart disease is preventable and, in some cases, reversible. Heart diseases are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. In general, they fall into these categories. The most common, preventable, and reversible type of heart disease is coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease. This occurs when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed as plaque accumulates on their inner walls. The technical term for this is atherosclerosis. As atherosclerosis worsens, less blood is allowed to flow through the arteries. This can lead to chest pain angina or a heart attack. These clots typically form at the site of a ruptured arterial plaque. Over time, atherosclerosis can also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure and changes in normal heartbeat rhythm.
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