Crohn’s disease is a chronic, incurable inflammatory bowel disease IBD. Symptoms include severe belly pain and diarrhea, among others. Certain foods or eating habits can exacerbate Crohn’s disease symptoms, although they aren’t the underlying cause or trigger of the IBD, says Dr. Each person is different, so you may need to use trial and error to see what types of food or eating habits help or hurt your symptoms. From our friends at Health. More from Health. Seeing a nutritionist who doesn’t understand IBD, on the other hand, may do more harm than good, warns Dr.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two types of conditions known as inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD. Ulcerative colitis also results in inflammation, but specifically in the colon and rectum. In addition, one’s immune system and environment appear to play a role in the development of IBD. The exact process that causes the inflammation and irritation is unknown, but there has been some insight into the disease. Crohn’s disease often affects the lower part of the small intestine, but can manifest anywhere from the mouth to the anus. The immune system also plays a role in this condition. Immune cells accumulate in the intestines, attacking bacteria, food, healthy body tissue and other harmless or even beneficial substances, causing symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, fever and fatigue. These accumulating immune cells produce chemicals that promote inflammation, damage intestinal walls and cause the symptoms of Crohn’s. Foods do not cause Crohn’s disease and no special diet has been proven effective in treating it. However, certain foods may cause flare-ups in Crohn’s disease symptoms for some people. Some foods that are more likely to cause symptoms are foods high in dietary fiber and fat, dairy and carbonated beverages.
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Eating the right foods can help manage and relieve these flare-ups. Ongoing loss of appetite and diarrhea can lead to dehydration and malnutrition. A person should eat foods that are soft and bland, but sufficiently nutritious. In this article, we describe 12 of the best foods to eat during a CD flare-up. We also look at which foods to avoid. Refined grains have less fermentable fiber than whole grains, so they pass more quickly through the digestive tract. They tend to be easier on the gut and less likely to cause inflammation. Also, fortified refined grains contain added essential nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, so a person should look for fortified products. Many breads, for example, are fortified with iodine and folate.